Umm Al Quwain

Umm Al Quwain is the second smallest and the least populated emirate. Its population was 49,159 as of 2005. Fishing is a key contributor to its economy.

About Umm Al Quwain

Umm Al Quwain is the second smallest and the least populated emirate in the UAE. It covers an area of approximately 720 sq. km. which is equivalent to 1 per cent of the UAE’s area.


According to the December 2005 census, the total population of Umm Al Quwain was 49,159.

The population of UAE nationals in Umm Al Quwain in mid-2010 was 17,482 comprising 8,671 males and 8,811 females. This is the only emirate where females outnumber males.

Location and geography

Umm Al Quwain is situated between Sharjah to the southwest and Ras Al Khaimah to the northeast. The city of Umm Al Quwain is built on a narrow peninsula called Khor Al Bidiyah.


Fishing is a key contributor to the economy of Umm Al Quwain. The emirate exports seafood throughout Europe and Middle East.

The first poultry farm in the UAE was established in Falaj Al Mualla. It is considered a key supplier of poultry and dairy products to the local market.

The construction of Ahmed Bin Rashid Port and the Free Trade Zone signifies the emirate’s plans towards expanding its commercial and investment base.

Touristic importance

The emirate has rich coastal mangroves on the coast of Arabian Gulf and many islands that lie to the east of the mainland. The biggest island, Al Seniah, is home to Arabian gazelles, falcons and turtles.

Umm Al Quwain provides facilities for numerous recreational activities; from sailing to skydiving. Traditional activities such as dhow building and sports such as falconry and camel racing are also popular in the emirate. Dreamland Aqua Park, the UAE’s largest water park and resort attracts several visitors.

The ruling family

The ruling family descends from the Al Mualla lineage of the Al Ali tribe, which moved from Seniah Island due to scarce water and established an independent Sheikhdom in Umm Al Quwain.

Umm Al Quwain is ruled by H. H. Sheikh Saud bin Rashid Al Mualla. He became the Ruler and a member of the Supreme Council after the demise of his father H. H. Sheikh Rashid bin Ahmad Al Mualla, the then Ruler of Umm of Quwain on 2 January 2009.

 List of Umm Al Quwain Government’s departments – Government of Umm Al Quwain


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